Cultural Practices: No planting material available
are many different ways of growing ginger. First the grower should know the
characteristics of Ginger, its preference and ideal condition for growing and
The habitat most suited to the cultivation of ginger is one with a
hot and moist climate, sunlight with some shade; ginger also prefers soil that
is well tilled and rich in loam. The land should be well drained.
present to you the different cultural practices currently adopted by ginger
growers and producers.
farmer’s field planting.
house poly-bag culture.
Common Farmers’ Field Planting:
is an age old practice of growing ginger. The field is cleared. Organic compost
and chopped vegetation and decomposed animal manure is spread on the field. Plowed
deep (6-8 inches) crosswise and harrowed two times to pulverize the soil, mix
the compost and level the field. Then make shallow furrow 50 cms. distance.
Place basal organic and complete fertilizer along the furrow. Pre-germinate the
ginger seed-pieces by cutting rhizomes with
1-3 eye buds, wash them
thoroughly and place in plastic or jute sack to germinate in 7to 8 days. Plant
the pre germinated seed-pieces at 20 cms. apart in the row and covered with 1-2
inches soil. See to it that the soil is moist preferably after a good rain, or
irrigate the field. Mulch the field with grasses, coconut leaves, thick enough to entirely cover the soil
surface to prevent weed seeds from growing, to conserve moisture and prevent
chickens and other animals from disturbing the growth of the ginger. Monitor
the growth of the ginger. If there are areas or dead spots, replant them to
fill the area. Let them grow. Spray HOC (Herbal Organic Concentrate) weekly or
every 15 days to maintain vigor, growth
and protection against pests and diseases. Harvest of pickling ginger may be
done in 4 to 8 months. For replanting rhizomes, they have to be matured at 11
to 12 months or more. From time to time the vegetative parts (leaves) mature
and die, but new flushing and vegetation grow, expanding the development of new
rhizomes. Farmers usually leave their ginger alone and come to harvest when the
market price is good enough.
is similar to the fist farmers’ practice, except in the land preparation.
Instead of just plowing and furrowing, the grower make a trench of 1 foot wide
and two feet deep and as long as he wishes. Fill the trench with compost,
organic waste, plant residue, rice straw and carbonized rice hull, with
decomposed animal manure mixed with fertile top soil. Tamper and press the
materials. Then place 2 to 3 inches of top soil. Plant the pre germinated
ginger seed pieces double row at 6 inches apart. Cover with much of grass, rice
straw or coconut leaves. Spray HOC (Herbal Organic Concentrate) weekly or every
15 days to maintain vigor, growth and
protection against pests and diseases. Irrigate if the soil is drying.
is done in urban areas where there is not much space. A growing media is
prepares with an equal mixture of fertile top soil, decomposed animal manure,
decompose plant organic matter, coconut coir dust, carbonized rice hull and
guano. Place the mixture at 2/3 of the pot and plant the ginger seed-pieces.
When the ginger grow every month add more of the mixed growing media until the
pot is full. Water every time the soil get dry. Spray HOC (Herbal Organic
Concentrate) weekly or every 15 days to
maintain vigor, growth and protection against pests and diseases. The
leaves of the ginger may be harvested, chopped and included in cooking food.
The rhizomes may be harvested at will and need.
Greenhouse poly-bag culture:
is similar to the Pot culture, except you use big thick and strong poly-bags.
They are place in a greenhouse or under a netting to provide partial shading.
Ginger does not like too much exposure to sunlight especially during summer
months. A growing media is prepares with an equal mixture of fertile top soil,
decomposed animal manure, decompose plant organic matter, coconut coir dust,
carbonized rice hull and guano. Place the mixture at one foot of the bag, ass 2
inches of pure fertile top soil and plant the ginger seed-pieces. As the ginger
grows every month add more of the mixed growing media until the pot is full.
Water when the soil starts getting dry. Spray HOC (Herbal Organic Concentrate)
weekly or every 15 days to maintain vigor, growth and protection against pests
and diseases. When the bag is full and rhizomes are fully mature, they are
ready for harvest in 12 months. However at 4-8 months, they are ready for the
pickling and may be harvested, just leave some growing pieces to continue on
the growth and production of more rhizomes. Growers will have a choice as to
when to harvest, depending on market prices and demand.
culture surprised may farmers and Agriculturist. However, we have to study and
find its merits or demerits.
is done by digging a deep bunker (trench) 1-2 meters wide, 4-4 meters long and
8 feet deep. One foot of organic compost is place at the bottom, then 2-3
inches of top soil, where the pre germinated ginger seed-pieces are planted.
Bakers yeast powder is spread to encourage growth and control pathogens that
may rot the ginger. HOC (Herbal Organic Concentrate) sprayed to the bed and
germinating ginger plants every month during adding of compost growing media. The
top of the bunker is completely covered with strong bamboo flooring, covered by
kalakat, covered by plastic sheet and finally covered with soil. A small window
on top is provided for monitoring. Some do it air tight while others place
bamboo breather. Some say never open the covering in at least 9 months. Others
claim the ginger rhizomes will just grow and grow until the pit of bunker is
full and start pushing the covering upward in about one year. As to the truth
and proof, we still have to see a good harvest. Different practices have been
observed. Many unsuccessful growers are losing their investment. So this
practice need closer study and observation by professional agriculturists.